Peace through practical, proved civil defence for credible war deterrence
  • Please see also post linked here, and our summary of the key points in Herman Kahn's much-abused call for credible deterrence, On Thermonuclear War, linked here.

  • Hiroshima's air raid shelters were unoccupied because Japanese Army officers were having breakfast when B29s were detected far away, says Yoshie Oka, the operator of the Hiroshima air raid sirens on 6 August 1945...

  • In 1,881 burns cases in Hiroshima, only 17 (or 0.9 percent) were due to ignited clothing and 15 (or 0.7%) were due to the firestorm flames...

  • Dr Harold L. Brode’s new book, Nuclear Weapons in ...

  • 800 war migrants drowned on 22 April by EU policy:...

  • Photographed fireball shielding by cloud cover in ...

  • Nuclear weapons effects "firestorm" and "nuclear w...

  • Proved 97.5% survival in completely demolished houses ...

    "There has never been a war yet which, if the facts had been put calmly before the ordinary folk, could not have been prevented." - British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, House of Commons Debate on Foreign Affairs, Hansard, 23 November 1945, column 786 (unfortunately secret Cabinet committees called "democracy" for propaganda purposes have not been quite so successful in preventing war). Protection is needed against collateral civilian damage and contamination in conventional, chemical and nuclear attack, with credible low yield clean nuclear deterrence against conventional warfare which, in reality (not science fiction) costs far more lives. Anti scientific media, who promulgate and exploit terrorism for profit, censor (1) vital, effective civil defense knowledge and (2) effective, safe, low yield air burst clean weapons like the Mk54 and W79 which deter conventional warfare and escalation, allowing arms negotiations from a position of strength. This helped end the Cold War in the 1980s. Opposing civil defense and nuclear weapons that really deter conventional war, is complacent and dangerous.

    War and coercion dangers have not stemmed from those who openly attack mainstream mistakes, but from those who camouflage themselves as freedom fighters to ban such free criticism itself, by making the key facts seem taboo, without even a proper debate, let alone financing research into unfashionable alternatives. Research and education in non-mainstream alternatives is needed before an unprejudiced debate, to establish all the basic facts for a real debate. “Wisdom itself cannot flourish, nor even truth be determined, without the give and take of debate and criticism.” – Robert Oppenheimer (quotation from the H-bomb TV debate hosted by Eleanor Roosevelt, 12 February 1950).

    “Apologies for freedom? I can’t handle this! ... Deal from strength or get crushed every time ... Freedom demands liberty everywhere. I’m thinking, you see, it’s not so easy. But we have to stand up tall and answer freedom’s call!” – Freedom Kids

  • Friday, March 02, 2007

    Nuclear test films

    Above: Ivy-Mike shot, Eniwetok Atoll, 1 November 1952 (local time). It was three stage thermonuclear surface burst on Elugelab Island (which was erased, leaving a 1 mile wide water filled crater which sloped down to a depth of 175 feet below the original island surface or 164 feet below water) with a total energy yield of 10.4 Mt (1950s nuclear weapons were far bigger than anything America has in its present stockpile, which is dominated by 3,030 small 100 kt W76/Mk-4MIRV missile warheads each of yield of which 1,712 are active in the stockpile, which are far more efficient than heavy, bulky megaton bombs since the static blast overpressure damage radii only increase with the cube root of the energy release). Thermal radiation is reduced in surface bursts because of the low elevation angle (so intervening obstacles shield it most of it, and even if the blast later damages them, dust clouds are produced which shield it), and the conical cone of debris gauged out of the crater within milliseconds absorbs 7.5-9.2 % of the total initial fireball energy to create melted droplets of fallout in surface bursts of 1 kt-100 Mt (these numbers are from Dr Carl F. Miller's 1963 SRI Report, Fallout and Radiological Countermeasures, vol. 1).



    Above: the Castle-Bravo test, a 14.8 Mt at Bikini Atoll surface burst on an artificial island or causeway on the reef, built from coral sand dredged up from the lagoon near Namu Island. Notice the thermal flash smoking of the stems of palm trees before the blast wave arrives. This test produced the first major fallout controversy because of the mean direction of the wind veered within half an hour after the explosion. The fallout hotline should have been to the north east, but shifted to due east. This meant it contaminated people on Rongelap Atoll and several others, plus the crew of a Japanese tuna trawler which was just north of Rongelap. Much of the controversy occurred because the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission correctly announced on 11 March that the people did not have any beta radiation burns. This was widely reported, then the first cases of beta radiation burns to the skin showed up on 14 March, and cases continued to appear for the next two weeks because it is a delayed response. The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission only issued a reasonably complete report on the test effects on 15 February 1955, nearly a year later, by which time political damage had been done by media fear-mongering.)


    Above: the first Chinese thermonuclear test, Lop Nur, 17 June 1967, a 3.3 Mt thermonuclear air burst detonated at an altitude of 2,960 m.

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