Peace through practical, proved civil defence for credible war deterrence
  • Credible nuclear deterrence of invasions and conventional wars reduce the risk of large nuclear wars occurring through escalation of conventional wars. Contrary to irrational, pseudo-scientific propaganda, the number of nuclear weapons is smaller than the millions of conventional weapons used in large wars and the correct scaling shows that the overall effects are similar, not massively different as often claimed for political propaganda by enemies of peace. Furthermore, the greater time delay of effects from nuclear weapons over the damaged area increases the efficiency of cheap civil defence countermeasures, as compared to conventional weapons. In conclusion, credible nuclear deterrence of conventional war offers a beautiful opportunity to create a peaceful world, free from fear peddling, ranting dictators. The only oppositions you will meet will come from authoritarian obsessed fear peddling myth makers. If they can't tell the truth and face the facts, why listen to them? Please see our post on the need to deter not only direct threats from nuclear attacks but also conventional wars and invasions that can escalate into nuclear wars (as proved by the use of nuclear weapons in WWII, for example, after they were developed during the war itself and did not trigger or provoke the war), linked here, here, here, and here, here, here, and the true scaling law equivalence between a few thousand nuclear weapons and the several million tons of small conventional weapons in a non-nuclear world war as proved by our post summarising key points in Herman Kahn's much-abused call for credible deterrence, On Thermonuclear War, linked here. Peace comes through tested, proved and practical declassified countermeasures against the effects of nuclear weapons, chemical weapons and conventional weapons. Credible deterrence to end invasions and wars comes through simple, effective protection against invasions like low yield tactical weapons and walls, and civil defence against collateral damage. Peace comes through discussions of the facts as opposed to inaccurate, misleading lies of the "disarm or be annihilated" political dogma variety, which are designed to exploit fear to close down criticisms of errors in mainstream orthodoxy. In particular, please see the post linked here on EMP results from an actual Russian 300 kt test at 290 km altitude over unwarned civilian infrastructure in Kazakhstan on 22 October 1962, which caused no injuries or deaths whatsoever (contrary to all of Jeremy Corbyn and CND style lying propaganda that any use of nuclear weapons on civilians would automatically kill millions), but shut down the communications and power supply lines! This is not secret, but does not make newspaper headlines to debunk CND style dogmas on the alleged incredibility of nuclear deterrence.

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  • Friday, March 02, 2007

    Nuclear test films

    Above: Ivy-Mike shot, Eniwetok Atoll, 1 November 1952 (local time). It was three stage thermonuclear surface burst on Elugelab Island (which was erased, leaving a 1 mile wide water filled crater which sloped down to a depth of 175 feet below the original island surface or 164 feet below water) with a total energy yield of 10.4 Mt (1950s nuclear weapons were far bigger than anything America has in its present stockpile, which is dominated by 3,030 small 100 kt W76/Mk-4MIRV missile warheads each of yield of which 1,712 are active in the stockpile, which are far more efficient than heavy, bulky megaton bombs since the static blast overpressure damage radii only increase with the cube root of the energy release). Thermal radiation is reduced in surface bursts because of the low elevation angle (so intervening obstacles shield it most of it, and even if the blast later damages them, dust clouds are produced which shield it), and the conical cone of debris gauged out of the crater within milliseconds absorbs 7.5-9.2 % of the total initial fireball energy to create melted droplets of fallout in surface bursts of 1 kt-100 Mt (these numbers are from Dr Carl F. Miller's 1963 SRI Report, Fallout and Radiological Countermeasures, vol. 1).



    Above: the Castle-Bravo test, a 14.8 Mt at Bikini Atoll surface burst on an artificial island or causeway on the reef, built from coral sand dredged up from the lagoon near Namu Island. Notice the thermal flash smoking of the stems of palm trees before the blast wave arrives. This test produced the first major fallout controversy because of the mean direction of the wind veered within half an hour after the explosion. The fallout hotline should have been to the north east, but shifted to due east. This meant it contaminated people on Rongelap Atoll and several others, plus the crew of a Japanese tuna trawler which was just north of Rongelap. Much of the controversy occurred because the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission correctly announced on 11 March that the people did not have any beta radiation burns. This was widely reported, then the first cases of beta radiation burns to the skin showed up on 14 March, and cases continued to appear for the next two weeks because it is a delayed response. The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission only issued a reasonably complete report on the test effects on 15 February 1955, nearly a year later, by which time political damage had been done by media fear-mongering.)


    Above: the first Chinese thermonuclear test, Lop Nur, 17 June 1967, a 3.3 Mt thermonuclear air burst detonated at an altitude of 2,960 m.

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